Franco

Franco

  • Francisco Franco Francisco FrancoA Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator for 36 years from 1939 until his...
  • Franco (band)A rock band from the Philippines that was formed in 2008.

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  • washington_area_spark posted a photo:

    First conference of Spanish war vets: 1938

    Francis J. Gorman (left), president of the United Textile Workers of America, Lt. Robert Raven (center) and Commander Paul Burns meet February 12, 1938 at the founding conference of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Washington, D.C.

    The Brigade was composed of Americans who fought with the Spanish loyalist army as part of the International Brigades against Francisco Franco’s fascist forces.

    Franco’s forces, with the help of Nazi Germany and fascist Italy defeated the Republicans who were aided by the Soviet Union in what was one of the opening salvos of World War II. Franco systematically sent forces into each village during his march through the country, murdering opponents in each village and town that he captured.

    The U.S. placed an arms embargo on both sides, effectively denying aid to the Republican government since Franco received heavy weapons and air support from Germany and Italy. Any aid from the Soviet Union had to travel over a circuitous route and could not match the Nazi and fascist aid.

    More than 2,800 American volunteers fought against the Spanish fascists from 1936-39.

    Raven was wounded in 1937, losing his eyesight, and returned to the United States where he gave many speeches around the country in support of U.S. intervention on the side of the loyalists.

    Burns was a sergeant in command of the Irish section and later became second in command of the infantry, Lincoln Battalion. He was active on the Jarama front and participated in two of the major campaigns of the war; the Battle of Madrid and the offensive at Brunete from July to August 1937. He was wounded twice—first, when shot in the arms and legs in Jarama on February 23, 1937 and again, in Brunete, when he was wounded by machine-gun fire. He left the International Brigades with a final rank of lieutenant.

    Burns returned to the United States in October 1937 and was subsequently elected national commander of the Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.

    Gorman was a supporter of the Brigades and helped raise relief money for the Republican side among labor unions. He also penned an essay in a book supporting the Republican side.

    Gorman led the 1934 textile strike as vice president of the union. The strike involved 400,000 workers and was the largest U.S. strike up to that point in time.

    The strike was defeated after 22 days, in part because the textile union had few resources to help strikers sustain the walkout.

    Gorman later became president of the union, but was forced out by Emil Rieve in 1939, who was aided by Sidney Hillman, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers president. Hillman would direct CIO resources into the union if Gorman was gone.

    While internal union disputes played a role in Gorman’s ouster, this was an early victory by the right wing of the CIO in ousting union leaders sympathetic to or members of the Communist Party.

    For more information and related images, see flic.kr/s/aHskWjjXy9

    The image is a Harris & Ewing photograph. The image is courtesy of the Library of Congress Reproduction Number: LC-DIG-hec-24052 (digital file from original negative).

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

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    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

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    Tifosi Francavilla

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi

  • calciocatania posted a photo:

    Tifosi Rossazzurri al Franco Fanuzzi di Brindisi